Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter m the Answer Sheet.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
The first year of school in America, known as kindergarten, usually begins between the ages of five and six. Among rich countries such a late start is very strange. President Obama believes it is an economic and social problem; his education secretary goes as far as to say that it is "morally wrong". This statement has some support, as it is clear from research into vocabulary that youngsters from poor families enter kindergarten well behind those from rich families—a disadvantage that usually
lasts a lifetime. Children from households on welfare knew 525 words by the age of three, while the children of professionals had mastered 1,116.
(76) Pre.school can help close this gap. So in a speech last month, Mr, Obama called
for a partnership between the federal government and the states to expand it to every American child. It later became known that "every" meant those who come from families with incomes of up to 200% above the poverty line—equal to an income of
$47,000 for a family of four.
(77) Some critics say that sending children to school at the age of four does not work.
The evidence suggests otherwise. For example, on March 20th new results were announced from a study of 9.to.l 1.year.olds in New Jersey. This report found that disadvantaged children who had attended pre.school had better literacy (读写能力),
language, maths and science skills. And two years of pre.kindergarten were better than one.
Some studies also follow the effects of early learning over lifetimes, such as its effect on crime rates and other factors that may eventually burden society. Critics have singled out a government scheme called Head Start, created in 1965, which provides poor households with a range of services including school.based early education.
1(Kindergarten in rich countries other than America usually begins at the age of _______
A. eightB. sevenC. sixD. four
(According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?2
A. Poor pre.school kids have a larger vocabulary than rich kids.
B. President Obama believes that early education can solve all economic and social problems.
C. Rich pre.school kids have a richer vocabulary than poor kids.
D. President Obama's education secretary thinks it is morally wrong to let kids start kindergarten early.
3(Which of the following about the New Jersey study is TRUE?
A. There is no evidence to support the New Jersey study.
B. New Jersey has created a new Head Start to help disadvantaged kids.
C. Sending children to school at the age of four is not going to help.
D. Two years of pre.kindergarten were better than one.
4(The phrase "single out" in the last paragraph means _______.
A. chooseB. think aboutC. countD. depend on
5(Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?
A. Secondary EducationB. Pre.school Education
C. Poor Kids’ Education D. Rich Kids' Education
1. D four
2. C Rich pre-school kids have a richer vocabulary than poor kids.
3. D Two years of pre-kindergarten were better than one.
4. A choose
考虑 C计数 D依赖
5. B Pre-school Education
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
Humans may not have landed on Mars (火星) just yet, but that isn't shopping a
European company from devising a plan to send four people to the Red Planet within the next few years. (78) This project, called Mars One, aims to send a small group of people to Mars in 2022 and eventually establish a permanent colony on the planet.
"Everything we need to go to Mars exists," said Mars One co.founder Bas Lansdorp in March 2014. "We have the rockets to send people to Mars, the equipment to land on Mars, the robots to prepare the settlement for humans. For a one.way mission, all the technology exists." Yet the four astronauts (宇航员) chosen for the trip will be
stuck on Mars—forever. And despite Mars One's thorough planning, there are a number of challenges that may prevent the mission from ever taking place. (79) The biggest road block could be the mission's huge cost ($6 billion). However, Lansdorp
is confident that Mars One will be able to fund the project by selling the broadcast rights for the mission and subsequent experiences living on the planet.
Those broadcast rights will also play a part in helping to select the people who will be sent to Mars. Lansdorp said the company will hold a selection process similar to a reality show. Lansdorp is expecting at least 1 million applications from people around the world. In additon to the cost, several other potential problems could inhibit (阻止)
the mission to Mars.
“It’s even more challenging to send people there with life support, with food, with air, with all the other things like books, entertainment, means of communication and of providing for their own resources for a long stay on Mars," said Adam Baker. senior lecturer in space engineering at Kingston University in London. "The sheer size of the rockets you'd need to do this would be absolutely colossal.”
6. According to Project Mars One, humans could send four people to Mars within the next _______ years.
A. sevenB. eightC. tenD. six
7(According to Bas Lansdorp, which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A. For a one.way trip to Mars, all the technology exists.
B. He could not come up with the fund for Mars One.
C. We humans have the rockets to send people to Mars.
D. We humans have the equipment to land on Mars.
8(According to the passage, all the following statements are TRUE EXCEPT that _______.
A. a competition process will be held to select the four astronauts
B. the cost of Mars One could go as much as $6 billion
C. if it goes as planned, we could expect to watch Mars One on TV
D.the four astronauts could return to Earth after a few years’ stay on Mars
9. The word "colossal” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.
A. very largeB. very smallC. mediumD. average
10. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?
A. Ready for a Round Trip to Mars
B. Ready for a Short Visit to Mars
C. Ready for a One.way Trip to Mars
D. Ready for a Walk on Mars
6. B eight
7. B He could not come up with the fund of Mars One.
8. D the four astronauts could return to earth after a few years’ stay on Mars.
9. A very large
10. C Ready for a One-way trip to Mars
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
When the United States Congress created Yellowstone National Park in 1872, the goal was to set aside a place where Americans could enjoy the beauty of nature for years to come. Now, 142 years later, there are hundreds of national parks across the country, and technology is changing the way people experience them. Should park visitors be able to use cell phones, or should their use be restricted?
"Connectivity presents a real challenge to all of us." Al Nash says. He is a public affairs officer at Yellowstone National Park. He says cell phone service at Yellowstone is available in parts of the park with stores and campgrounds. This makes it easy for visitors to share photos of their trip on social networking sites and to stay in touch with friends and family members. (80) If a nark visitor is hurt or in danger, cell phones make it easier to get help. Some say the ability to download
applications that provide information about plants and animals in the park can enrich a visitor's experience.
Others say cell phones disturb people's enjoyment of our national parks. In their view, cell phone towers are an eyesore, and they'd rather hear the sound of birds than the ring of an incoming call. Can you imagine looking out a peaceful lake or field of grass only to be disturbed by a person shouting into their phone, "Can you hear me now?"
Nash says Yellowstone tries to strike a balance. "Ultimately, our job is to let visitors understand and enjoy nature better while protecting what people find special about Yellowstone, and one of those things that's special is the ability to get away from the hustle and bustle (喧嚣) of one's daily life."
11(Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. Which U.S. National Park Has the Most Visitors?
B. Should National Parks Allow the Use of Cell Phones?
C. What Did Yellowstone Do to Enrich Park Visitors’ Experience?
D. Can Technology Transform the Way People Experience Nature?
12(National parks were established _______.
A. to show respect to former presidents
B. to raise public awareness about climate change
C. to preserve areas of natural beauty
D. to create job opportunities
13(According to the passage, which of the following statements about the cell phone
service at Yellowstone is TRUE?
A. It is limited to certain areas in the park.
B. It is available everywhere in the park.
C. It is not available in the park.
D. It is available to visitors at a fee.
14(The word "eyesore" in the third paragraph probably means _______.
A. something unpleasant to look at B. something harmful to health
C. beautiful sceneD. serious threat
15(What's the position of Yellowstone on cell phone use?
A. Supportive.B. Neutral.C. Negative.D. Doubtful.
11. B Should National Parks Allow the Use of Cell Phones?
12. C to preserve areas of natural beauty
13. A It is limited to certain areas in the park. 第二段第二句话说，移动电话只在院子里有超市和基地的地方有信号，所以选A。
14. A something unpleasant to look at 第三段第一句说，反对这说，移动电话打扰了人们在公园的享受，由此可以结论，
15. B Neutral
Part ? Vocabulary and Structure
16(All the passengers ____ in the accident were sent to the nearby hospital in no
A(to find injured
C(to be found injured
17(The big fire lasted as long as 24 hours ____ it was brought under control.
18.In this workshop, the output of July was three times ____ of January.